Karate Terminology - The Training Vocabulary

As a beginner, instructions will be given to you in an easy-to-understand manner. However, as your training progresses you will start to hear various japanese words which are basically instructions telling you what to do. Additionally, you'll also hear a variety of phrases that are used to describe certain things. It's a good idea to get used to this. That way, over time, just a few words or even a single phrase from the class instructor will be all that you need to tell you what you should be doing next.

General Terms

Sensei - Principle class instructor/Master/Teacher
Gi ('gee' as in 'gear') - Training uniform
Kihon - Basic(s)
Ki-ai (Key-eye) - 'Spirit focus'/A focusing yell 
Kime - 'Decision'/Focus 
Rei (Ray) - Bow
Yoh-i - 'Get ready' 
Yame - Stop
Yasume - Rest, Relax 
Maware/Mawatte - Turn
Hajime - Begin
Mokusoh - Quiet meditation
Dojo [doh-joh]  - The place where you train 
Dojo kun - Dojo precepts (commandments)
Seiza - Proper sitting/kneeling
Sempai - Senior student